By Tony Simons Ph.D., Ray Friedman Ph.D., Leigh A. Liu Ph.D. and Judi McLean Parks Ph.D.
Executive Summary: The notion of "behavioral integrity" describes the extent to which one person perceives that another lives by his or her word, keeps promises, and lives by professed values. Effective management leadership depends on how employees perceive their manager's behavior on these points, because this drives credibility. Since most managers are neither saints nor demons, employees judge their managers' integrity by interpreting a mixed set of managerial actions and behavior. This study examines how different employee groups might understand and react differently to cues about their manager's consistency. We surveyed 1,944 employees at 107 hotels and found that the observer's race affects his or her perceptions of behavioral integrity. Black employees in this study were especially sensitive to violations and affirmations of behavioral integrity. Moreover, black employees scored their black managers more harshly than they did their non-black managers. The study also found that senior managers' integrity trickles down to affect behavior and attitudes throughout the organization. These results suggest a need for executive training and vigilance focused on the issue of behavioral integrity, because managers' integrity affects the attitudes, conduct, and loyalty of all employees. Download The Report To view the whole report, please click on the link below
A unit of the Cornell School of Hotel Administration, The Center for Hospitality Research (CHR) sponsors research designed to improve practices in the hospitality industry. Under the lead of the center's 65 corporate affiliates, experienced scholars work closely with business executives to discover new insights into strategic, managerial and operating practices. The center also publishes the award-winning hospitality journal, the Cornell Hospitality Quarterly (formerly the Cornell Hotel and Restaurant Administration Quarterly). To learn more about center and its projects, visit www.chr.cornell.edu.
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AIG Global Real Estate Investment, American Airlines Admirals Club, Davis & Gilbert LLP, Deloitte & Touche USA LLP, Denihan Hospitality Group, Expedia, Inc., Four Seasons Hotels and Resorts, HVS, JohnsonDiversey, Inc., LRP Publications, Marriott International, Inc., Marsh's Hospitality Practice, Mobil Travel Guide, Nestlé, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Proskauer Rose LLP, Smith Travel Research, Southern Wine and Spirits of America, Inc., SynXis (a Sabre Holdings Corporation), Taj Hotels Resorts and Palaces, Thayer Group of Companies, TIG Global, Travelport, WATG, and WhiteSand Consulting.
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