The Institute of Education Professional Hotel Rovereto is housed in a building dating from 1904 built as Pellagrologico Institute.
The ‘asylum of pellagra, returned today in beautiful and new look to the city, was opened in 1905 thanks to the work of the doctor Rovereto Guido De Probizer (1849 -1929).
The Institute Pellagrologico constituted the first fortress to defend against pellagra, a disease that desolated the hard life of rural communities Trentino late nineteenth century. Man study, heart and action, Guido De Probizer wanted the institute arose in one of the most beautiful locations in Rovereto: a visible beacon of civilization, from which the tenacious doctor wove an extensive remedial action against the effects of pellagra.
The disease, foodborne, born from sad economic conditions and hygiene in which the population lived in the district of Rovereto, entrusted by the government in Vienna in 1887. The pellagra often evolved into a severe form of psychosis, marking profoundly the social life of the community , so that Guido De Probizer wanted with all his might “checkmate” all’endemia.
The hospital and the school attached to the patients offered the most effective comfort therapeutic nutrition without errors, healthy nutrition education and hygienic, accurate lessons on the correct techniques to cultivate, conserve and treat corn and other food plants.
Many pellagrins Institute learned to read and write; Guido De Probizer will often summoned medical colleagues, to update them about the causes of disease and to study the necessary remedies to remove it.
Admired for the sweetness of temperament, the modesty of his talk, the sharpness of the reliefs, the obstinacy of purpose, loyalty the ideal of restoring the Trentino, described in numerous studies the results of daily observations in the field.
After identifying the precise causes dell’endemia pellagrous, promoted the most scrupulous and widespread campaign of prevention of the disease: lessons itinerant agriculture and hygiene education and food for the population, the opening of school canteens in the schools of the countries affected by the disease, the construction of drying ovens for corn freed quickly rural communities from pellagra.